The congressmen have already presented the paper for the first debate on the draft labor reforms, which brings a series of changes with respect to the original Government proposal and which is expected to begin to be discussed in the Seventh House Commission next week. Ahead would be 4 debates.
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Finally, the text was not agreed in its entirety. In fact, the lack of agreements was what delayed its establishment. At the last minute, an alternative presentation was even made by representative Víctor Manuel Salcedo, of the party of the u Among others, it asks that the night surcharge begin at 8 p.m. and that if the informality rate and unemployment are below 45 and 9 percent, respectively, it could start at 7 p.m.
Alerts with which the debate starts
The debate will begin with alerts about the impact that it could have on unemployment. This is due to the cost overruns to which companies would be exposed due to the payment of higher night and Sunday surcharges, among other measures.
“The current version generates great obstacles to entrepreneurship, SMEs, discourages hiring and seriously affects employment”, assured Bruce Mac Master, president of Andi.
Even the manager of Banco de la República, Leonardo Villar, referred to the impact it could have. “There are elements of the reform that can be positive, but it is important that society and Congress are aware that these decisions are not free and that there is a significant risk that this strong increase in labor costs, and in particular of some sectors that depend on night work, affect hiring and reduce employment”, he pointed out.
And it is that in the proposal the fact of advancing the night shift is maintained. At first it was going to go from 9 pm to 6 pm and now the idea is to start at 7 pm. In addition, the Sunday surcharge would rise from 75 to 100 percent.
In this last point there were some modifications with respect to the original text. Now it is said that this Sunday surcharge will be implemented gradually: from July 2024 it will go up to 80 percent; a year later it will be 90 percent and from July 2026 it will reach 100 percent.
The Government’s idea is to return to the situation existing before Law 789 of 2002.
The maximum duration of the ordinary working day is 8 hours a day and 42 hours a week, which may be distributed, by mutual agreement, between employer and worker, in 5 or 6 days a week, always guaranteeing the day of Rest.
Likewise, he talks about the paternity leave go from 2 to 12 weeks from now to 2025 and that flexible working hours be agreed to harmonize the family life of people with minor children, people with disabilities, illnesses or older adults.
Another change that remained in the presentation refers to fixed-term contracts, which can be signed for up to three years, since the initial proposal was two years.
Digital platforms, concerned
One of the most controversial issues of the labor reform project is the formalization of all those people who today work on digital platforms that are dedicated to making homes, such as rappi.
Although modifications were made to the text, according to Alianza In, the applications guild, They still do not reflect the reality of the sector, as the Government insists that they have to be employed and, therefore, they maintain their idea that the reform would lead to the destruction of more than 80,000 jobs for people who operate as delivery drivers through digital platforms .
«Digital technology delivery platform companies must affiliate their
workers who carry out social security distribution work in accordance with current regulations, as dependents, which may be in the part-time modality that the specific regulations regulate,» says the new text.
This is the paper for the first debate.