Definitely, technological transformations intensified in a development of every day, and more about the possible effects they would have on employment. Every day, the headlines of the media agenda ask themselves: Will AI take our jobs? Will we be replaced by this technology? Various experts have expressed concern that digitization combined with AI can mean accelerated automation and thus the replacement of workers by automated systems.

However, according to the most recent report World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2023 from the International Labor Organization (ILO), AI is only in a ‘installation phase’. Throughout this phase, the effects of this type of technology are only reflected in a few companies, since they take time to spread throughout the entire economic system. Already in the second phase of ‘deployment’new technologies became widespread economic and social transformations as happened with ICT in industrialized countries between 1999 and 2014, the time when there was the greatest boom.

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What challenges does Colombia face in this digital transition?

The country faces important challenges in reducing the digital gaps in terms of accessibility, quality and use of information and communication technologies (ICT). According to the proportion of households with an Internet connection indices of the DANISH in 2021, 60.5% of the national population had this essential resource. This represents a significant advance compared to previous years, however, it is still insufficient.

Humans experienced fear and anxiety from technological advancement.

In order to finalize these challenges, the ILO has worked with MinTrabajo, MinTIC and local mayors such as the one in Bogotá and Medellín in Colombia to develop training strategies and promote educational innovation.

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“It is very important to work together with the related actors for this transition, recognizing the context and the realities of the different territories in the country, so that through social dialogue, public policy actions that promote alternatives can be strengthened income generation, especially for the most vulnerable population,” said Melva Díaz, senior officer for programs and alliances at the ILO Office for the Andean Countries in Colombia.

to strategy development, the improvement of basic, digital and soft skills is added, together with a comprehensive socio-occupational orientation so that young people can make informed decisions.


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